Freedom Shrine Document (1700's)
Bill of Rights (December 15th, 1791)
(The First Ten Amendments to The U.S. Constitution)
Ratified by the States on December 15, 1791
The Conventions of a number of the States having, at the time of adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution;
Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the said Constitution, namely:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
- The Mayflower Compact (1620)
- The Declaration of Independence (1776)
- Benjamin Franklin's Epitaph (1776)
- Patrick Henry's Instructions to Clark (1778)
- George Washington's Letter to Nicola (1782)
- The Treaty of Paris (1783)
- The United States Constitution (1787)
- The Bill of Rights (1789)
- The Northwest Ordinance (1787)
- Washington's First Inaugural Address (1789)
- Washington's Farewell Address (1796)
- Jefferson's First Inaugural Address (1801)
- The Star Spangled Banner (1814)
- Andrew Jackson's Letter (1815)
- The Monroe Doctrine (1823)
- The Gettysburg Address (1863)
- The Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
- Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address (1865)
- U.S. Constitution's Thirteenth Amendment (1865)
- Robert E. Lee's Letter (1865)
- Account of Susan B. Anthony's Trial (1874)
- Theodore Roosevelt's Letter on Cuba (1907)
- Woodrow Wilson's First Inaugural Address (1913)
- U.S. Constitution's Nineteenth Amendment (1920)
- Franklin Roosevelt's "Four Freedoms" Speech (1941)
- General Eisenhower's Selection as 'Overlord' Commander (1943)
- General McAuliffe's Christmas Message (1944)
- German Instrument of Surrender WWII (1945)
- Japanese Instrument of Surrender WWII (1945)
- John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address (1961)
- Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" Speech (1963)
- Ronald Reagan's Speech at Brandenburg Gate (1987)